Do you really know diabetes?
Diabetes is one of the top ten causes of death worldwide1. What are the basic things you must know about diabetes? Read on for a quick 5-minute primer on diabetes.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that has no real cure as of yet. However, it is possible to control blood sugar levels in the body with drugs and good habits that help to maintain healthy blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes complications caused by high blood glucose levels.
Looking for extra support with blood sugar management?
Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas which controls the body's blood sugar levels. When there is not enough insulin secreted from the pancreas, or if the body stops responding to insulin, the body cannot use the glucose to convert it into energy, leading to high blood sugar levels remaining in the bloodstream. When the blood sugar level is too high, the body will try to get rid of the excess sugar through excretion in urine and sweat.
Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)
T1D is caused by damage or defects in the pancreas, such that insulin-producing cells in the pancreas cannot produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes may be due to genetic factors, autoimmune dysfunction or environmental factors.
Type 2 Diabetes (T2D)
In type 2 diabetes patients, insulin secretion is normal (or somewhat reduced), but the major issue is that the body no longer responds to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. Its causes are associated with unhealthy diet, obesity, lack of exercise or and genetic factors.High blood sugar levels often cause long-lasting, chronic damage to many different organs in the body (diabetes complications), which not only greatly affect the quality of life, but also may lead to death. Therefore, proper control of blood sugar levels can reduce the chance of diabetes complications so that patients can lead longer, healthier and happier lives.
*This article is only provided for general information purposes and reference only and not designed or intended to constitute medical advice or to be used for diagnosis. Please consult a qualified medical professional for further advice on decision making on treatment and/or medication.